Standby/Suspend to Ram with Dbus and HAL in KDE 4/GNOME/XFCE

I was trying to work out how to issue the standby command over dbus so that I can send my computer to standby with just a single click from a desktop icon. It turns out at least ksmserver can't receive such a command as there isn't even a type for it in kworkspace:

00049 enum ShutdownType {
00053 ShutdownTypeDefault = -1,
00057 ShutdownTypeNone = 0,
00061 ShutdownTypeReboot = 1,
00065 ShutdownTypeHalt = 2
00066 };

So the best I could come up with was this to shut down the system(If anyone has seen suspend anywhere in KDE dbus, please comment!):

dbus-send --session --dest=org.kde.ksmserver --type=method_call \
--print-reply /KSMServer org.kde.KSMServerInterface.logout int32:-1 int32:2 int32:2

But then I found out you can use hal directly and finally I had my script working for immediate suspend:

dbus-send --system --dest=org.freedesktop.Hal --type=method_call \
--print-reply /org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \ org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Suspend int32:0

This should work in any desktop environment. You can replace the 0 after "int32:" with the number of seconds to delay the Suspend. And you can also use it for hibernation:

dbus-send --system --dest=org.freedesktop.Hal --type=method_call \
--print-reply /org/freedesktop/Hal/devices/computer \ org.freedesktop.Hal.Device.SystemPowerManagement.Hibernate

Now we can enjoy suspend with a single click. Just put it into a shell script and link that to your desktop.


  1. Good stuff, works on a Gnome system as well.

  2. Thanks for confirming!

  3. Hi! Yours is the first result that I've found searching in Google.
    I found it easier to read, and also valid (at least in KDE):
    dbus-send --print-reply --dest='org.freedesktop.PowerManagement' /org/freedesktop/PowerManagement org.freedesktop.PowerManagement.Suspend

    Thanks for all!


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